Three kolbars injured in attacks by Iranian forces
Kolbars and kasibkars are targeted systematically by Iranian and Turkish security forces. Each year, dozens of them are killed with no punitive measures being taken.
According to Kolbarnews, forces of the Iranian regime opened fire on a group of kolbars in the border area of Hawraman, located within the provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah in Eastern Kurdistan (Rojhilat).
The attack on Saturday evening injured two kolbars from Mariwan.
On the other hand, another kobar sustained injuries as a result of fire from Iranian forces at the Bane border on 20 September.
Kolbars and kasibkars are targeted systematically by Iranian and Turkish security forces. Each year, dozens of them are killed with no punitive measures being taken. Apart from systematic attacks, kolbars are struggling to make a living under harsh weather conditions, dangerous geographical locations and mines.
Kolber or “kolbar” is derived from the Kurdish words “kol” and “bar”. Kol means “back”, bar means “load”. Kolbars make their living by carrying goods on their backs across dangerous borders. The goods they carry include cigarettes, mobile phones, blankets, household items, tea and rarely alcoholic beverages. They have to pass through dangerous roads between South Kurdistan and East Kurdistan. The goods brought are sold at relatively high prices in commercial centres such as Tehran. However, kolbars who carry out the transportation of goods at the expense of their lives receive a very small amount of wages.
Kasibkar refers to those people who receive the goods kolbars carry to South Kurdistan and find buyers in towns.
Kolbarnews began recording killings and injuring of kolbars in the border areas of Kurdistan on 17 July 2017. Since then, Kolbarnews has registered 1,344 incidents: 341 kolbars were killed and 1,003 injured. 998 cases (equivalent to 74%) were the result of direct military shootings.
From the beginning of 2023 to 17 July, Kolbarnews registered 11 kolbars killed and 59 injured, for a total of 70 incidents.
The following are the incidents registered by year:
From 17 July to 31 December 2017