The Rojava cycle of Ankara's 'Decomposition Plan' against Kurds– II
Another cycle of the 'Decomposition Plan' was the systematic drone attacks that targeted Qamishlo, the capital of the revolution, and Kobanê, the city of resistance. There have been 181 drone attacks since 23 June 2020 and 112 martyrs.
The cycle of the Ankara government's 'Decomposition Plan' in Rojava can also be seen in drone attacks. When we look at the first attacks against the region, we can see the targets chosen. The places where the first attacks were carried out were the villages of Kobanê. After the women leaders of the revolution were targeted in the village of Hêlince, the house where Kurdish leader Abdullah Öcalan stayed for 40 days in 1979 when he went to Rojava was targeted in the village of Elpelûrê. With these first attacks, the Turkish state targeted the 43-year foundation of the Rojava Revolution. After the Serêkaniyê and Girê Spi-centred invasion operation in October 2019, the Turkish state has been bombing the region for three years with the permission of Russia and the United States, which control the airspace since June 23, when the drone attack took place.
Turkish drones attacked all over North and East Syria from Derik to Shehba more than 181 times in 3 years. In these attacks, 112 people, leaders of the revolution, were killed, while 72 others were injured. Moreover, 46 soldiers lost their lives and 50 more were injured in the attacks on the military bases of the Damascus government forces.
The drone attacks against the region in 3 years are as follows:
June 23, 2020: Kongra Star Coordination Members Zehra Berkel and Hebûn Mele Xelîl and a citizen named Emine Weysi were martyred after an attack on the Hêlince village of Kobanê.
2021: 8 ATTACKS, 17 MARTYRS
During 2021, 8 drone attacks were carried out against the cities of Qamishlo, Til Temir and Kobanê, which martyred 17 people and injured 1 person.
June 16, 2021: A house was targeted in the village of Elpelûre in Kobanê.
August 19, 2021: SDF Military Council Member Sosin Birhat, Til Temir Military Council Commander Egîd Girkê Legê, Til Temir Military Council fighters Rubar Hesekê and Seyfullah Ehmed were martyred in an attack on the Til Temir Military Council building.
August 19, 2021: YPG Commander Rênas Roj was martyred in an attack on a vehicle along the road between Amude and Qamishlo.
August 22, 2021: A fighter named Çekwar Zerik was injured in an attack on a house that belonged to the War Veterans in Qamishlo.
October 20, 2021: A vehicle was targeted in the city centre of Kobanê.
October 23, 2021: YPG fighters Hozan Qamişlo, Gelî Aleppo and Amed Afrin were martyred in an attack on a vehicle in Kobanê.
November 9, 2021: Yûsîf Gulo, one of the leading patriots of the revolution, and his grandchildren Mezlûm Gulo and Mihemed Gulo were martyred in an attack on a vehicle in the Hilêliyê neighbourhood of Qamishlo.
November 25, 2021: Nujiyan Ocalan, Viyan Kobanê, Rojîn Ehmed Îsa, Merhef Xelîl İbrahim, Welîd Mihemed Menla Hisên and Mesûd İbrahim were martyred in an attack on the youth centre in Kobanê.
2022: 120 ATTACKS, 72 MARTYRS, 64 INJURED
Throughout the year 2022, all parts of North and East Syria, including Derik, Rimêlan, Çilaxa, Tirbespiyê, Qamişlo, Amude, Dirbesiyê, Zirgan, Til Temir, Reqa, Ayn Issa, Kobanê, Manbij and Shehba, were targeted 120 times by Turkish drones. While 72 people were martyred, 64 others were injured in these attacks. Plus, 35 soldiers lost their lives and 43 more were injured in attacks on the military bases of the Damascus government forces.
January 12, 2022: A house was targeted in the Fatisa village of Ayn Issa.
February 2, 2022: Kasra Musa village of Ayn Issa was bombed.
February 5, 2022: Houses were targeted in the Umm Edes village in Manbij and the Belûniyê village in Shehba.
February 9, 2022: A house in the Ereb Hesen village of Manbij and a vehicle in the Behira village of Amûdê district were targeted. The attack on the vehicle martyred 11-year-old Mihemed Elî Kelah, while 13-year-old Mahir Îsa Kelah, teacher Omer Xanî and Ela Cido Ehmed were injured.
February 27, 2022: Shehba's Til Rifat district was targeted. Material damage was reported.
March 15, 2022: Shehba's Til Rifat district was targeted. Material damage was reported.
March 16, 2022: A vehicle was targeted in the Hosan village of Ayn Issa. Material damage was reported.
April 1, 2022: A vehicle was targeted between Tirbesbiyê and Qamishlo. Fighter named Derar Cuma Hemza, who was in the vehicle, was martyred, artist Ferhad Merdê and one person were injured.
April 3, 2022: Awrem Marokî, a member of the Syriac Military Council, and one person were injured in an attack that targeted a vehicle on the Til Temir-Hesekê road.
April 4, 2022: The Zirgan Internal Security Forces Centre was targeted. Three members of the security forces were injured in the attack.
April 8, 2022: A house was targeted in Zirgan, which injured three citizens.
April 9, 2022: A house was bombed in the Til Kepis village of Dirbesiyê. Material damage has occurred.
April 16, 2022: The Til Tawil village of Til Temir was bombed, which injured 1 person.
April 20, 2022: A vehicle was targeted on the road between the Êdiq and Toxit villages of Kobanê. 3 YPJ fighters were martyred in the attack.
April 21, 2022: Three people were injured in an attack on the Til Cemşîd village of Til Temir.
April 22, 2022: A vehicle was targeted in the Um Beramil village of Ayn Issa. Material damage was reported.
April 24, 2022: The checkpoint of Damascus government forces in the Zor Mixar village of Kobanê and the Mihsenlî village of Manbij were targeted. Material damage was reported.
April 27, 2022: The areas in south of Manbij were bombed. Material damage was reported.
May 11, 2022: Kobanê city centre and Aleppo Road were targeted. A patriot named Ekrem Üstek was martyred.
May 30, 2022: YPJ fighters Mizgîn Botan and Kesra Melek were martyred in an attack on a vehicle in Qamishlo. YPJ fighters Dîcle Cûdî and Hêvîdar Dirbêsiyê were seriously injured.
June 1, 2022: A health clinic was targeted in the Til Rifat district of Shehba. Material damage was reported.
June 9, 2022: 5 citizens were injured in an attack that took place in the vicinity of the Martyr Delîl Saroxan Martyrdom in Qamishlo.
June 27, 2022: The Şêxler region of Kobanê was targeted. Material damage was reported.
June 28, 2022: Two vehicles were targeted in the Xanê Serê village of Derîk and a house was targeted in the Til Rifat district of Shehba. Material damage was reported.
July 2, 2022: YPJ Commander Mizgîn Kobanê was martyred in an attack that targeted a vehicle in the Til Semin village of Raqqa.
July 18, 2022: The Til Rifat district of Shehba was targeted.
July 19, 2022: Shehba's Til Rifat district was targeted. Two soldiers of the Damascus government were injured.
July 21, 2022: Kobanê city centre was targeted. YPG commanders Berxwedan Kobanê and Kendal Rojava were martyred.
July 22, 2022: Anti-Terror Forces (YAT) Commander Jiyan Tolhildan, YPJ Commander Roj Xabûr and YAT member Barîn Botan were martyred in an attack on a vehicle that moved between Qamishlo and Tirbespiyê.
July 28, 2022: A vehicle that belonged to the Internal Security Forces was targeted along the Ayn Issa-Raqa road. Security Forces members Beşar Mihemed Elî Bozan and Cîhan Mihemed Mistefa, Sara Mihemed El Hisên and Selma Elî Mistefa were martyred.
August 3, 2022: The Syriac Til Cuma village of Zirgan was bombed. A citizen was martyred in the attack.
August 4, 2022: Shehba's Til Rifat district was bombed. 9 citizens, including 6 children, were injured in the attack.
August 6, 2022: A vehicle was targeted in the Sinaa District of Qamishlo which martyred Kurdistan Free Life Party (PJAK) Command Member Yusif Mehmud Rebanî, SDF Military Discipline Member Rûxwaz Amudê, citizen Şemdîn Şemdîn and children Ehmed Ali Hisên and Aheng Ekrem Hisên.
August 9, 2022: A house in the village of Xerze in Amude was bombed. The area around the Jiyan Covid-19 Hospital in Qamishlo was bombed. Self-Defence Forces members Dilsoz Tirbespiyê, Elî El Mislet, Muhyedîn Gulo and Mahir El Ezbê were martyred.
August 10, 2022: A vehicle was targeted in the village of Mela Sibat, west of Qamishlo. SDF Commander Dijwar Kobanê and fighter Çiya Qamişlo and citizen Edîb Yusif were martyred in the attack.
August 16, 2022: The Self-Defence Forces checkpoint in the village of Sinceq Sadûn, south of Amude, was bombed which martyred Self-Defence Forces members Baz Amûdê, Baran Amûdê, Demhat Amûdê, Şoreş Dirbêsiyê and Ronî Can.
August 18, 2022: An all-girls education centre run by the United Nations in the village of Şemokê on the Hesêkê-Til Temir Road was targeted. 5 children were martyred, 11 more were injured in the attack.
August 24, 2022: Shehba's Til Rifat district centre was bombed which martyred 2 citizens and injured 7 others.
September 16, 2022: A vehicle was targeted in Ayn Issa. The attack martyred YPG commanders Rojhat Karakoçan and Doğan Amanos.
October 2, 2022: The village of Belûniyê in Shehba was bombed.
October 6, 2022: YPG Commander Koçero Batman was martyred after a bombing against Kobanê.
October 12, 2022: A vehicle around the Newroz Migrant Camp, northeast of Derik was targeted.
October 15, 2022: The military base of Damascus government forces in the Minix village of Shehba was bombed. Material damage was reported.
October 24, 2022: An institution affiliated with the Autonomous Administration was targeted in Qamishlo which left 2 citizens martyred.
November 13, 2022: A vehicle was targeted in the Sincaq Sadûn village of Amude.
November 19-20, 2022: A vehicle was targeted in the Teqil Betil village of Derik which left 2 people martyred. In a second attack, civilians who attempted to rescue survivors were targeted. The second attack martyred 7 citizens, ANHA reporter Îsam Ebdulla, while 3 more citizens were injured. Wheat silos in the Til Hermel village of Zirgan and Dehril Ereb village were bombed which left 3 people martyred and 3 others injured. The same bombing killed 3 Damascus government soldiers and injured 5 others. A military base of Damascus government forces in the village of Qizeli in Girê Spî was bombed which killed one soldier and injured 2 other soldiers. The Kobanê-Jarablus road, the Kaniya Kurdan neighbourhood, the Helince village and the Miştênûr hill were bombed which left Stêrk TV reporter Mihemed Cerade injured. 5 HRE fighters were martyred in an attack on the Afrin countryside. A military base of Damascus government forces in the Shewarxa village in Afrin's Shera district was bombed which killed 10 soldiers and injured 5 other soldiers. Following an attack on Shehba's Bêlûniyê and Minix villages, 22 soldiers of the Damascus government were killed, and 31 others were injured.
November 21, 2022: The villages of Kefer Antun and Malikiyê in the Shera district of Afrin were bombed.
November 22, 2022: The YAT and the Global Coalition against ISIS base between Hesêkê and Til Temir were targeted. While 2 YAT members were martyred, 3 others were injured in the attack. Til Temir's Ewca village was bombed 3 times.
November 23, 2022: The Derzîxan and Mesref villages of Derik were targeted. Çilaxa's Mehşuqê and Şirikê villages were bombed. A vehicle was targeted in Qamishlo. An electricity station in the Mizgeft village of Tirbêspiyê, a gasoline station in the Ewda village, and the Syriac Military Forces’ SOTORO training academy in the Rotan village were targeted. The Zêdiyê and Mehermela villages of Amude were bombed. The Îbrahimiye village of Zirgan was targeted and the Internal Security Forces checkpoint in the city centre was bombed by a drone which martyred one member of the Internal Security Forces and injured 3 others. The Zêdiyê village of Zirgan was bombed. 2 citizens were injured, and material damage was reported. The joint base of Russia and SDF in Til Temir was targeted which martyred one SDF fighter and injured 3 others. Til Temir's El Hemra village was targeted. The attack martyred 2 SDF fighters and injured 3 more. The forces that provided security in the Hol Camp were targeted 3 times. Kobanê city centre was bombed. A house in the village of Qirarêşke in the Sirîn district of Kobanê was bombed.
November 25, 2022: The Dildara and Til Tewil villages of Til Temir were bombed.
November 27, 2022: 4 villages of Shehba were targeted. Zirgan was targeted 3 times.
November 28, 2022: A hospital in the Qeremog village of Kobanê was bombed.
December 10, 2022: The village of Aqibe in the Sherawa district of Afrin was bombed. Material damage was reported.
December 24, 2022: A chicken farm on the road to the Mizgeft village northeast of Tirbespiyê was bombed. The attack left one citizen martyred and 3 others, including 1 child, injured. The villages of Girê Siwar, Girê Pirê and Tiweyêl in Tirbespiyê were bombed. Material damage was reported.
2023: AT LEAST 52 ATTACKS, 20 MARTYRS
In the first half of 2023, there were at least 52 drone attacks against Derik, Rimêlan, Qamishlo, Tirbespiyê, Amude, Til Temir, Til Hemis, Ayn Issa, Kobanê, Manbij and Shehba. While 20 people were martyred, 7 more were injured. Moreover, 11 soldiers lost their lives and at least 7 others were injured in attacks on Damascus government military bases.
January 3, 2023: The Til Tewîl village of Til Temir was bombed. MLKP Central Committee Member Zeki Gürbüz and MLKP member Özgür Namoğlu were martyred.
January 4, 2023: The Til Tewîl village of Til Temir was bombed, which injured 2 SDF fighters.
January 6, 2023: The village of Xalidiyê in Ayn Issa was bombed. A 10-year-old boy named Eli Xelife was injured in the attack. Afrin's Soxanekê village was bombed by a kamikaze drone.
January 11, 2023: A vehicle was targeted on the international M4 highway between Qamişlo and Hesêkê.
January 12, 2023: The Qermitlo village of Qamishlo was bombed.
January 15, 2023: The Birîva village of Amude was bombed.
January 18, 2023: A vehicle was targeted around the Arî resting place in the village of Maşûqê, east of Tirbespiyê. 2 citizens were martyred.
January 19, 2023: In Rimêlan, the point where the Military Diplomacy's meetings with the Anti-ISIS Global Coalition were held was targeted. SDF fighter Rojhat Hesêkê was martyred.
February 12, 2023: A vehicle was targeted on the road to the Menaz village of Kobanê.
February 22, 2023: A vehicle was targeted in Qamishlo.
April 14, 2023: A vehicle was targeted on the Hîzam road along the Qamishlo border line.
May 5, 2023: A house in the Qeyrewan village of Til Hemis was bombed. 2 SDF members who were assigned to protect the Hol Camp, where ISIS families reside, were martyred.
May 11, 2023: A vehicle was targeted on the international M4 highway near the village of Hemdûn in Kobanê. The attack martyred SDF fighters Cûdî Egîd and Fûad Mihemed. A vehicle was targeted in the village of Xarûfiyê, south of Manbij which martyred a citizen named Abdulvahap Hac Hemedi. A military base of Damascus government forces around the Mecra Sultan village, north of Manbij, was bombed which killed 4 soldiers and injured many others.
June 10, 2023: A vehicle was targeted in the Ehdas district of Shehba. While 3 SDF fighters were martyred, 2 others were injured.
June 14, 2023: The Sherawa and Shera districts of Afrin and the villages of Shehba were bombed 7 times. While 7 Damascus government soldiers lost their lives, 4 more were injured. A vehicle was targeted on the Qamishlo-Tirbespiyê road which martyred SDF fighter Ciwan Oso and 2 citizens.
20 June 2023: A vehicle was targeted around the Til Şeir village of Tirbespiyê. Qamishlo Canton Co-Chair Yusra Derwêş, her deputy Leyman Şiwêş and Gabi Şemun from the Syriac community were martyred, while Qamişlo Canton Co-Chair Gabi Şemon was injured in the attack.