A view of 2021 from the guerrilla front - I

The Kurdish people and their guerrillas did not give up their fight in 2021, when the war was at its climax. They resisted with great determination and will and destroyed the Turkish state's calculations.

2021 was one of the bloodiest years in Kurdistan's history. It was possibly the final link in the Turkish government's plan to terminate the armed presence of the Kurdish Freedom Movement, using all its weapons.

By violating all human values, all types of forbidden ammunition were used. All kinds of attacks were employed, including attacks on guerrillas' graves and the most severe kind of psychological warfare. Indeed, only the nuclear bomb was not used by the Turkish state against the Kurdish people's guerrillas. But all of NATO's ammunition and weapon technology have been deployed.

Despite all of this cruelty and disregard for human rights, the Kurdish people and their guerrillas did not give up their fight. The resistance was expanded with great determination and will, and it was the Turkish state that began to crumble in the face of the sharpness of the opposition.

Within the framework of the 'Plan of Collapse' agreed by the Turkish state at the NSC in October 2014, we have witnessed in the previous 6 years a massacre campaign against the Kurdish Freedom Movement that well transcends human values.

Many regional and international powers supported the desire to carry out this Kurdish genocide. Although the means of support varied, one thing remained consistent. Universal law was suspended, and the Turkish state continued to militarily and economically fund the Kurdish genocide.

Genocidal activities, carried out with various legal games and filthy plots, have made the regional and international collaborators behind the scenes blatantly obvious in the findings that have surfaced over the previous six years.

Practically, the goal of the 'Operation to End the PKK and Complete the Kurdish Genocide,' launched in February 2021, and the level reached by the year-long resistance with the new style and tactical transformation of the guerrilla against this genocidal attack; Let us remind you of the significance of diplomatic traffic prior to the Garê period, and the role of global and regional powers.


Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar plainly said in his statements following his visits to Baghdad and Hewler before the Garê process that the first subject on the agenda was the PKK.

They didn't talk about it much throughout their visit to Berlin. The Merkel administration is known to have reservations, and Akar has clearly been warned.

However, as it was revealed that deadly gas was used in the Garê attack, the situation became difficult when the German embassy in Turkey issued a frightening statement. While the Merkel administration was treated with considerable concern, its regional partners, the KDP and Kazimi, were not. On the contrary, the Turkish government was making a concerted effort to reveal its regional partners.

They were attempting to establish a certain climate in the region as soon as possible following the elections in the United States.

The Shengal Agreement, announced by Baghdad and Hewler on 9 October 2020, was signed in order to prepare a legal foundation appropriate for the Turkish state. In other words, the Turkish state would be publicly invited as part of the KDP's responsibility, using the PKK as an excuse, and thus the Turkish state would find a fantastic chance to carry out its own invasion preparations. Meanwhile, Kazimi would carry out his responsibility of aiding this procedure.

ISIS gangs were already deployed in Bashika and regrouped under the name Heshd-El Watani under the supervision of Turkmen Front President Ersed Salihi and former Mosul Governor. Military troops gathered under the KDP's name were held in reserve. Southern Kurdistan would be entirely taken in this manner, Shengal would be destroyed anyway, and Rojava would be besieged and a perfect opportunity sought.

The KDP and Mustafa Kazimi performed their obligations to the letter in order for the Turkish government to carry out all of its objectives, but the results were not as predicted. First, the PKK had to be present in order for them to attack, but the PKK was not present. Then, it was difficult to fulfil this agreement militarily without the approval of the Shengal people, and a military attack would elicit a tremendous international response akin to the Kobanê process.

All of these considerations dictated the implementation of the second (B) plan, and thus they assumed control of Garê.

Erdogan wanted a triumph, and he was persuaded that it was the only way to save his own regime. As a result, he planned to present a military attack on Shengal as a win. However, when they discovered that the loss outweighed the gain in the profit and loss calculation, this plan was halted and the Garê plan was implemented.

Germany's involvement in this attack plan was to contain potential international reactions and to increase arms exports to Turkey, which is the arms market, through new military agreements.

It should be underlined that no international organization has responded to requests to investigate the Turkish state's use of chemical weapons.

These cases based in Germany demonstrate how the United States, the United Kingdom, and NATO as an institution aim to cover up the Turkish state's crimes against the Kurdish people.


On 10 February 2021, the Turkish state launched the Garê attack under the guise of a "hostage rescue operation." It was hoped that by launching this invasion attack, the year would begin with a sense of success and moral supremacy. Otherwise, where in the world was the use of toxic gas in the operation to liberate the prisoners, by dropping tons of bombs from warplanes? How did the Erdogan government, which had made no attempt to help these army and intelligence members who had been imprisoned for years, suddenly start to have humanitarian feelings?

Why did the state continue to bomb and strike with chemical gas for two days, despite HPG telling the public and proclaiming in the initial minutes of the attack that prisoners were being kept there and helicopters were attempting to land soldiers? This entire scenario clearly demonstrates the true intent. The location of the hostages was picked with care, as it was the most ideal, to begin with. If he had been able to keep his soldiers there, the attack would have expanded to the entire Garê region, and they would have then attacked the Medya Defense Zones with all of their forces, including the KDP. Even in both circumstances, the hostages would not be able to return home alive.


Before its feet hit the ground, the Turkish army, which had arrived to strike the opening stroke during the Garê onslaught, took the first fatal blow itself.

Guerrilla style and tactics have undergone significant adjustments as a result of the reorganization process since 2017. There were minor interruptions in the application for a while; the first substantial practice was displayed during the invasion attacks of Heftanîn in 2019 and 2020.

The goal of the new era’s style and tactics, in which all guerrilla forces have undergone theoretical and practical training, has been organized in such a way that the tactics of attack, base, movement, and defensive warfare have been determined rather than taking resistance as a basis that will nullify the current war technique.

This is how the Kurdistan guerillas created the 21st-century guerrilla warfare doctrine, which reformed the guerrilla ideology. Within this framework, the guerilla forces' regulations were gradually enforced, and a professional mobile team system was established. Branch training in military specialist academies was expanded in both theoretical and practical aspects. The ideological training framework was reprogrammed, and the breadth of the psychological and special warfare training program was increased.

The guerrilla troops that reorganized the guerrilla system and had considerable success in practice in Heftanîn were on high alert for a Garê or similar onslaught. As a result, the Turkish army, which intervened, was killed by the helicopter before it even set foot on the ground.


The Garê process enabled the guerrilla forces to make new decisions, identify the Turkish state's weak points, and decide the tactical action style. For example, before the Garê process, the magnitude of tunnel warfare's impact was unknown. However, the conclusion derived from this refuted the Turkish army's primary technique used all year.

In other words, prior to the Garê process, the underground system was largely built for war as a base area and a manoeuvring area. When the amount of influence became apparent as a result of the tunnel wars, it became a key technique of the new period guerrilla forces, and all underground networks were quickly built for an effective combat situation.

On the other hand, additional specifics on how to make safeguards against the sorts of poisonous and chemical gases employed were determined, and measures were established as a result.

Another key component is the mobile guerilla team's level of expertise in movement style and striking capability. To help you grasp the situation, consider the following example: despite the fact that there were dozens of spy planes in the air and that they were operating at all hours of the day and night, dozens of guerrilla units were on the move and interfering with the enemy forces there. This indicates that the reconnaissance aircraft's night, day, and thermal cameras, as well as all airpower, have been deactivated.

When we consider the environmental conditions, that is, during the winter season, it is an extraordinary situation in which both daylight cameras and particularly thermal cameras that are sensitive to heat are more effective, rendering them dysfunctional. Tunnel warfare thus produced a new circumstance, and mobile guerilla forces were identified as a complementing aspect due to their striking strength.

As a result, tunnel warfare needed to be active with professional guerilla teams to maintain land domination and paralyze the enemy force. As a result, tactical diversity emerges in team combat, and each guerrilla is taught to specialize in at least two branches. Any guerilla who specializes in a military branch can amass a tactical fortune. This means that it will attack the adversary in a different way each time, will not operate in a consistent manner, and will continuously engage in unexpected acts.

He will deal a hit to the opponent. In the Garê process, the shortcomings and complementary aspects that evolved in the practice of the new period, guerrilla-style and technique were largely grasped. This is not to say that the guerilla is finished with its new style and tactics, mode of action, and technique of execution. There may be flaws, but the essential thing is to recognize them and improve the results to make them more thorough and enriching.

The guerilla forces operated within this framework and were successful.


With the Garê attack, the Turkish state was confronted with an unanticipated reality. The guerilla forces didn't give the Turkish troops a chance to breathe, and the soldiers, who could barely descend from the helicopter, didn't have time to stack the bags they'd brought with them. The invasion strike coordinators had planned every detail, from the weather opposition to the areas where they would be placed. So much so that it was moving and settling swiftly, especially in the open air.

The open-air was a bad setting for the guerrilla forces, limiting their movement. Otherwise, the attack began on February 15th. Why was February 10th selected? Because the weather circumstances were favourable for the Turkish army, they planned to declare victory on a symbolic date such as February 15.

It did not go as planned, and all of their plans were thrown upside down from the first few minutes. On the second day, they realized the situation was becoming increasingly challenging. So all of their problems were getting out of there before they were further humiliated. On 14 February, it rained, and they departed, leaving everything behind, 'one night, unexpectedly' the day before.

To comprehend the epic guerrilla resistance of 2021, the facts of the Garê process must be thoroughly examined.

The Garê victory was more than just the result of the guerrillas' reorganization process. Human will and fighting spirit are the most crucial complementing factors.

The guerilla forces led by Soreş Beytüşşebap were a result of this determination. The essential point here is: What should be the command and warrior structure that makes the idea practical while also riveting it with steel will? This is exactly what the guerrilla unit under the command of Şoreş Beytüşşebap showed with its example of resistance.

To be continued…