The voice of knowledge: Hawar Magazine
Hawar magazine published the first issue on 15 May, which since 2006 is celebrated as Kurdish Language Day.
Hawar (The Cry) magazine, which is accepted as the pioneer of Kurdish publishing, has an important role in the history of Kurdish language as well.
On 15 May 1932, the first issue of the magazine and a new page in Kurdish language studies was opened in Damascus under the leadership of Celadet Ali Bedirxan, Kamûran Bedirxan, Qedrîcan, Osman Sebrî, Cegerxwîn and Nûredîn Zaza.
The magazine was the first Kurdish literary magazine in Syria and was published on a monthly basis.
Although Hawar magazine first started using the Arabic alphabet, later, with a radical decision, other issues were published using the Latin alphabet.
Hawar magazine, which has an important place in the struggle for Kurdish language, was published from 1932 to 1943.
The first 23 issues of the magazine, which published a total of 57 issues during its 11 years of life, were published in both Latin and Arabic alphabets, but from the 24th issue onward only the Latin alphabet was used.
In the first issue of Hawar, Celadet Ali Bedirxan wrote: "Hawar is the voice of knowledge. Knowledge is self-knowledge. Knowing yourself opens the way to liberation and beauty. Anyone who knows himself can also introduce himself. Our Hawar will introduce the existence of our language first of all. Because language is our main reason for existence. Hawar is a newborn and is the child of our Kurds."
Hawar magazine featured articles mainly in Kurdish, Arabic and French. There were 3-4 pages of French in each issue.
The first pages of the magazine included the writings of Celadet Ali Bedirxan and Kamûran Ali Bedirxan. After the 4th issue, new authors started to write in the journal. These writers would later become important names in Kurdish literature.
15 May, the date when Hawar was first published, was accepted as the Kurdish Language Day in 2006.